Time Factor in the Hoax of the Crucifixion

Christians and Muslims seem afraid to examine their Scripture for the truth about the Messiah and they both follow tradition rather than their respective Scripture when having to face their differences in the name of the Messiah and whether he was crucified or not.

In the King James Version of the Bible published by Thomas Nelson Inc. 1972, on Page 61 of the Dictionary, it is stated: “But the division of the single day into fixed segments of time was long in coming: the hour was of variable length until the eighteenth century. Hence the smaller division indicated for Bible times are approximations only”.

In addition there is a table of the divisions of the time of the day. The Jewish day began after the sunset of one day and ended the following sunset, as found in Genesis, “and the evening and the morning were the first day” (Genesis 1:5). Below is the table of the division of the New Testament day:

 § First Watch, Evening               6.00p.m-9.00p.m.

                                                (From Sunset to Twilight)

§ Second Watch, Midnight         9.00p.m.-12.00a.m.

                                                (From 9 To Midnight)

§ Third Watch, Cockcrow          12.00-3.00 a.m.

§ Fourth Watch, Morning           3.00-6.00 a.m.

§ Third Hour of the day             6.00-9.00 a.m.

§ Sixth Hour of the day              9.00 a.m.-12.00 Midday

§ Ninth Hour of the day             12.00-3.00 p.m.

§ Twelfth Hour of the day          3.00-6.00 p.m.

 From “A Concise and Practical Dictionary of the Bible.” Page 63, “Time”, King James Version, Thomas Nelson.

The twenty-four-hour day is divided into eight periods of approximately three hours each. The Night Divisions are known as Watches and the Day Divisions as Hours of the Day. The Sixth Hour is therefore all three hours during that period.

The Day of the Crucifixion was not a Friday because the Jews did not have a Friday. Friday is of pagan origin and of the solar year and begins at midnight, which is the end of the day before. The day of the crucifixion was the day before the Sabbath. The Sabbath was the seventh day of the week and of the lunar month, the days of which begin and end at sunset.

The seventh day of the week was “an high day” (John 19:31) the Sabbath, on which the Jews were commanded to rest, for this was their Holy Day of rest. The breaking of the Sabbath was punishable by death (Exodus 31:14-15) so that careful preparation must be made the day before to be able to keep the Sabbath holy and to refrain from all work.

The Messiah and his disciples began the day with the eating of the Passover meal, the Unleavened Bead, in “the evening.” (Matthew 26:20, Mark 14:17) John has given us the end of the Supper with the departure of Judas Iscariot, as after the Evening Watch, during the Midnight watch, “it was night.” (John 13:30) Thirteen men had eaten, twelve of them had their feet washed, (John 13:4-11) and they discussed prophecies.

Judas left under orders from the Messiah to “do quickly”. (John 13:27) With Judas gone, the Messiah spoke at great length with the rest of them, (John 13:31-17:6) after which they journeyed into the Mount of Olives, (Matthew 26:30, Mark 14:26, Luke 22:39) as was his custom, where he made the very important prophecy about the acute state of panic that would affect his disciples from that very night, after he was arrested (Matthew 26:31, Mark 14:27), and of the final submission of Peter (Matthew 26:34, Mark 114:30, Luke 22:34, John 13:38) who claimed to be the Rock. (Matthew 26:33 & 35, Mark 14:29-31, Luke 22:33, John.13: 37)

They went to the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36, Mark 1414:32, John 18:1) where the Messiah separated Peter, James, and John from the other disciples (Matthew 26:36-37, Mark 14:32-33) and he himself separated from the three, (Matthew 26:39, Mark 14:35, Luke 22:41) and he prayed the long prayers of a prophet to his Lord. The prayers of the Messiah are so long and tedious that he sweats “like great drops of blood falling to the ground”. (Luke 22:44) An angel administers unto him from heaven. (Luke 22:43)

His disciples, unable to stay up for such long hours, fall asleep, and are awakened time and time again by their teacher. He returned to his disciples somewhat surprised that they could not “watch” with him “one hour” in prayer. (Matthew 26:40-41, Mark 14:34-38) From prayer he returned to his sleeping disciples a “second” and a “third” time. (Matthew 26:42&44, Mark 14:40&41) The first hour of prayer was clearly the Midnight Watch.

Judas returned with a multitude (Matthew 26:47, Mark 14:43, Luke. 22:47, John 18:3) after which someone’s ear is cut off (Matthew 26:51, Mark 14:47, Luke 22:50, John 18:10) and healed by the Messiah. (Luke 22:51) The multitude fell back to the ground (John 18:6) and the Messiah was apprehended and led into the town to Annas, the High priest, (John 18:13) and then to Caiaphas. (Matthew 26:57, John 18:24)

At his arrest, his prophecy was fulfilled as his disciples panicked and fled, (Matthew 26:56, Mark 14:50) with one of them fleeing naked, (Mark 14:22) and then Peter followed from afar off. (Matthew 26:58, Mark 14:54, Luke 22:54, John 18:15)

We can note here that Judas had taken more than one watch, more than one quarter of the night, to make the trip to the Priests and to return to the Messiah in the Garden of Gethsemane.

The journey from the Garden to Annas the high priest, and then the time lapse between Peter’s first denial (Matthew 26:70, Mark 14:68, Luke 22:57, John 18:17) and his last denial (Matthew 26:74, Mark 14:71, Luke 22:60, John 18:27) took up more than “one hour.” (Luke 22:57-59) The hour here could be equal to one-third of the watch, which was made of three hours.

We can be very sure that Peter’s third denial and the crowing of the cock came at the end of the Third Watch of the night, the Cockcrow, since Matthew has informed us that after Peter had departed weeping bitterly, (Matthew 26:75) “the morning was come,” (Matthew 27:1) that is, the Morning Watch, the fourth night watch, had begun.

Mark has also stated that after Peter’s departure a consultation was held “straightway in the morning.” (Mark 15:1)

Luke confirms Matthew’s and Mark’s reports and adds the blindfolding, mocking and beating of the Messiah by the Sadducees immediately after the departure of Peter, “and many other things blasphemously spoke they against him,” (Luke 22:65) which is the morning consultation of Matthew and Mark.

Afterwards, “as soon as it was day,” (Luke 22:66) that is, at the Third Hour, which is the first quarter of the day, the Sadducees led the Messiah into their Council.

Going over the events of the Cockcrow and the Morning Watches of the night, we see that the Sadducees had made two futile attempts at conducting false trials against the Messiah during which he was assaulted and battered. (John 18:19-22, Luke 22:63-71)

At their first attempt at obtaining false witness, Peter was still around and warming himself, but their witnesses would not agree. (Matthew 26:59 & 60, Mark 14:55-59, John 18:27)

After Peter’s departure, the Messiah was beaten, humiliated and degraded by the Sadducees in their final attempt to remove the hero-Messiah image from the minds of the common folk, that they might feel free to turn against the impostor who did not even possess the power to defend himself from common abuse.

Failing even at this point, the Sadducees then “led him into their council” (Luke 22:66) “as soon as it was day,” in their last-ditch effort of their conspiracy to have him delivered to the Romans.

The Gospel of Mark tells us that “It was the third hour and they crucified him” (Mark 15:25), which implies that they were at Golgotha at that time, the third hour of the day.

The Gospel of John informs us that it was “about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King,” (John 19:14) which takes us to the second trial of the Messiah by Pontius Pilate and still in the City at the Judgment Hall.

By the words of Matthew, Luke and John, Mark’s Third Hour crucifixion (Mark 15:25) is a fallacy that should be completely wiped off the records as impossible, and without any reason whatsoever.

We have now been brought clear into the Sixth Hour of the day with the Messiah still on trial and in the custody of the Roman Governor who seemed to be enjoying the seesaw nature of the trial as he wanders back and forth with accusations and verdicts and fresh trials with the accused and the accusers in separate locations and out of view of each other. It would seem as if time is running out on the Sadducees on this day of the Preparation and the Passover, with the requested crucifixion still to come, at the leisure and pleasure of the Roman Governor.

The Gospel writers themselves seem fully aware of this problem of time, and the three Synoptics, Matthew, Mark and Luke, have seen it most fitting to confront us with the greater problem of the darkness that covered the land from, at, or about “the sixth hour to the ninth hour,” (Matthew 27:45, Mark 15:33, Luke 23:44) which gives us the possibility of a total of up to six hours of darkness with Jesus placed at Golgotha, outside of the city, nailed to the cross in the upright position. Bear in mind that the Sixth Hour and the Ninth Hour were two quarters of the daytime consisting of three hours each, these hours being variable in length and being approximations of our present sixty-minute hours.

To have delivered the Messiah from their Council (Luke 22:66) to Pilate, and have him tried several times, delivered to Herod and back to Pilate for yet another trial, and to be found innocent again and exchanged for Barrabas, and then to have two others prepared for crucifixion, unannounced and unknown and led to Golgotha, still unknown to all witnesses outside of trusted Roman authority, and nailed on the cross before the commencement of the darkness, would leave us less than six hours (approximations of our present hours) in which to fulfil this monumental task.

These hours of darkness mysteriously split the day into three parts, with one period of daylight on either end of the day and a total of more than three to little less than six hours of blind and silent inactivity and darkness spent on the cross.

This is a single confusion of time that is presented as a supernatural mystery in order to prohibit questions from those who are already indoctrinated into superstition and blind belief, like the pagan worshippers of the Sun, and may well be a diversion from the delay by the Governor and from the fact that the sun had indeed set and the new day begun with the prisoners left in that stage of the hanging, leaving the Jews in breach of the Sabbath and of the hanging law of the Book of Deuteronomy. (Deuteronomy 21:22-23)

Mysteries are not to be questioned and Christian faith is built on mysteries and sealed lips but would God’s mysteries of the unknown be just a matter of simple confusion that can be put together like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle? Would God’s mysteries be made up of lies and deceit? The answer to these questions is a resounding No!

The Synoptic Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke give a seemingly similar view of the prophetic mission of the Messiah, and this is so mainly because of the hours of darkness from, at, or about the sixth hour to the ninth hour, which is mentioned in each of these Gospels.

The Gospel of John makes no mention of these hours of darkness but the mystery has already been implanted in the mind of the reader and he naturally accepts John’s Gospel as something outside of what has taken place and as another view of another disciple.

The majority reporting of the hours of darkness of the Synoptic Gospels makes it easier for John’s separate view to be accepted, not as a contradiction of the other three, but as that disciple’s personal view, or that of one of the many witnesses of the incidents of that day.

If we remove verse forty-four of chapter twenty-three of Luke’s Gospel, “And it was about the sixth-hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour”, we would have removed the link that joins Luke to Matthew and Mark, making it two for and two against the hours of darkness. By so doing we would have removed all acceptance of the hours of darkness, and the light would have triumphed over the darkness.

The Hours of Darkness seem to be in harmony with Roman/pagan worship of Zeus, the Weather God, as God the Father of the baptism of Jesus (Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-22, John 1:33-34), and of the Transfiguration of Jesus to Zeus (Matthew 17:1-6, Mark 9:1-8, Luke 9:28-36) but speaks as well, of a darkness over the souls of the Sadducees, and of the sudden darkening of the land as the forgotten sunset arrived and the new day began.

By substituting superstition and fear of the deceivers for a small amount of common sense and understanding, one can see the shedding of all the required light on this simple matter of time.

The way of life and the laws and the religion of the Jews revolved around the axis of time. The One God of the Children of Israel created the heavens and the earth and all that is in it in six days, blessing and sanctifying the Seventh Day. The Jews therefore lived a seven-day week, with the Sabbath being the climax and the centre of their lives and their worship of God the Creator.

Total awareness of time, at all times, is essential in the worship of One God, for the worshipper must be alert and aware and therefore sober at all times. Their day began with the evening, indicating to us that this light from the sun had been in place for the start of the first day. The sun (light) disappeared at the start of the day and re-appeared for the second half of the same day.

The day created by the God of Israel began with fading light and ended in light, (Genesis 1:14) but the “evening and the morning” (Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 23, 31) were the order of the day, so that the division of “the light from the darkness” (Genesis 1:18) did not separate one day from the other, since the light was there at the start of the day, was followed by darkness, and returned to be there again for the end of the same day.

God in His Wisdom therefore, has created man with intellect, making him the most responsible of His creatures, and He has thereby placed him in a situation where he must be fully aware of the presence of his Creator, and of the responsibility with which he has been entrusted by Him, and he must always be alert to the fact that he will one day return to his Creator to give an account of the way he spent his life.

This life is the gift from the Creator Who did not permit us to witness our creation so that we did not and could not ask for this life. The Guidance and our pre-programmed intelligence allow us the freedom to accept or reject and therefore to be rewarded or punished for our deeds.

The Laws of the God of Israel commanded that death be the wages of the one who wilfully neglects his responsibility by his indulgence in loss of his awareness or consciousness, or by his rebellion. (Deuteronomy 21:18-21)

Pontius Pilate appreciated the responsibility placed on the Jews by their God, and as Ruler of the Rulers of the Jews, he very quickly detected their stubborn rebellion to the voice of the One God, “even God.” (John 8:41)

Pontius Pilate had all the power and military support necessary on that day to disperse the Jews and to have every one of them behind the locked doors of their homes until the First or Second day of the following week, and to have the Messiah safely escorted back to Galilee, a free man. To treat their tumultuous behaviour as a form of rebellion against Roman Rule would be to play directly into the hands of the Sadducees.

“We have no King but Caesar.” (John 19:15) Having declared their choice to deal with the King of the Jews according to the Law of Caesar, the Sadducees had exposed their lapse in their awareness of their responsibility towards God, upon whom their entire lives, here and in the hereafter, depended.

Having failed to have the Messiah condemned by the Laws of the God of Israel, they had finally submitted to the laws of man, Caesar, in rebellion to their God. The Sadducees would never have imagined that a Roman Governor, a non-Jew, of the “dogs” (Matthew 15:26, Mark 7:27) that stood outside of God’s Revelation to them, would have possessed the ability to lead the Jews into their own spiritual doom, them and their “children.” (Matthew 27:25) Victory was made to order for Pilate, from, at, or about the Sixth Hour of that not so memorable day of the Preparation and the Passover. The Jews and their children were from thence destined to have the time of their lives.

Once the Sadducees had the Messiah delivered “unto the power and authority of the Governor,” (Luke 20:20) then the Roman Governor held the power over the prisoner’s crucifixion or his release (John 19:10) but, as the Messiah had so confidently warned Pilate, “Thou couldst have no power at all against me except it were given thee from above,” (John 19:11) fully aware of and alert to his responsibility to his Creator.

Prophet that he was, the Messiah foretold the outcome of the day to Pilate, with failure and losses to the Jews: “he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.” (John 19:11) Pilate could not have desired a bigger boost to his confidence in his plan to defeat the Jews in their own religious time cycle.

The Gospel of John makes no mention of the hours of darkness, and more than just that, John has strongly denied such a phenomenon, and states clearly that it would have been impossible for the Messiah to be anywhere near to Golgotha from, at, or about the Sixth Hour, since it was only then that the Messiah, declared innocent and free by Pontius Pilate, after the trials held by both Herod and Pilate, had Jesus presented to his subjects, “It was the preparation of the Passover, and about the Sixth Hour, and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your king.” (John 19:14)

John has therefore removed all mystery and supernatural smokescreens from that day of the Preparation and the Passover, and has made it an ordinary twelve-hour day of light and of the plain evil deeds of men and of other men who struggle to forbid these evils. John has confirmed that any hours of darkness from the Sixth Hour would have brought the proceedings of the day to a premature end, and that there was no other darkness but the evil desires of selfish greed in men.

It was during the Sixth Hour of the day and Jesus had just been brought back from Herod, when Pilate called the Sadducees and all of the Jews together, and in the presence of Jesus, Pilate pronounced his and Herod’s verdict of not guilty in favour of Jesus, making him a free man. (Luke 23:13-15) What followed after would have made it impossible for Jesus or for any Sadducees, or any of the other Jews to be present at Golgotha at even the Ninth Hour of the day. Events that followed would be as below:—

v   1—Immediately there began heated discussion between the Sadducees and Pilate and the rest of the Jews, for the release of the prisoner Barabbas and the crucifixion of the Messiah. (Luke 23:17-23)

v   2—Pilate’s washing of his hands and the testimony of the Jews that they accepted Pilate’s innocence and their guilt of the blood of Jesus on their children. (Matthew 27:24-25)

v   3—The official release of Barabbas. (Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15, Luke 23:25)

v   4—The scourging of Jesus. (Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15)

v   5—The mocking of Jesus by Pilate’s soldiers. (Matthew 27:27-31, Mark 15:16-20)

v   6—The unannounced handing over of two thieves for crucifixion.

v   7—The unannounced scourging of two thieves.

v   8—The long stop-and-go trip to Golgotha. (Luke 23:27-33)

v   9—The forcing of Simon to bear Jesus’ cross. (Matthew 27:32)

v   10—The nailing of the three victims to the crosses and the placing of each victim and his cross in the upright position.

v   11—The inscription JESUS KING OF THE JEWS and the objections raised by the Sadducees, with Pilate having the final and the officially declared word. (John 19:19-22)

v   12—They mock Jesus as they pass by the cross. (Matthew 27:39-44, Luke 23:35-41)

v   13—Jesus’ words and his cries of agony. (Matthew 27:46-50, John 19:26-30)

Please note here, that the Messiah was not easily identifiable, hence the physical identification of the person of the Messiah by Judas. Once the Messiah was handed to the Romans, there is none but his disciples who would be able to identify him from among the Jews, who would not go into the Judgment Hall of the Romans and who would therefore be unable to see for themselves who actually was being scourged, especially since the intention to have the two thieves crucified was unannounced and unknown and the preparations for their crucifixion would have been likewise unknown and not even suspected.

After these thirteen time-consuming incidents, Matthew, Mark, and Luke have reported that from, at, or about the ninth hour, “Jesus” cried out in agony on the cross. We have already seen the recording of the hours of the three Synoptic Gospels as gross miscalculations of time.

After “Jesus’” second cry of agony on the cross, the Sadducees realised that the Sabbath was at hand and they returned to Pontius Pilate, (John 19:31) and all of the other Jews returned to the city. (Luke 23:48)

The Evening, the First Watch of the Sabbath, a new day had begun with “Jesus” and the two others still nailed to the crosses. (Matthew 27:57, Mark 15:42)

The crucifixion had therefore continued into the night of the Sabbath and the legs of only the two thieves were broken on the evening of the Sabbath. (John 19:31)

The law of the hanging (Deuteronomy 21:22,23) and the Sabbath had already been broken so that the broken legs at that point in time would have made no difference to the situation in which the Jews had placed themselves, and there is no report of the removal of the thieves from the crosses, which proves that they were left to be crucified and had not been just hanged.

That one person escaped without broken bones is evidence that a third victim was neither hanged nor crucified and this makes the doctrine of the Crucified Saviour one of worship of an accursed thief, or of two thieves as one, which is purely or impurely, a pagan form of worship of the flesh of man who was made fit only for the scavengers.

Rightfully, the Jew would have had his legs broken in order to have him suffer the hanging but he would not have been taken through full crucifixion since the priests would have seen that he be taken down and buried “that day” in order to upkeep the law of the hanging, with the cooperation of Roman authority who showed respect and tolerance for the religious worship of the Jews, but this is not what the Gospels have recorded.

The Gospels have shown the Romans to be fairly tolerant of Jewish religion and culture in allowing closed Court on the Holy Day of the Passover together with the release of a prisoner of Jewish choice for the celebration and the Jews’ observance of their Sabbath, and especially in Pilate’s and Herod’s fair judgment and verdicts in favour of justice towards the Messiah.

The Messiah did not hesitate in his observance and commendation of this superior form of discipline and integrity among the Gentiles: “Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel” (Matthew 8:10, Luke 7:9) as the Roman military officer sought a healing for his sick servant and was so clearly respectful and understanding of the office of this prophet from among the Jews, and this says very little of the faith and mentality of the Children of the House of Israel.

Advertisements

%d bloggers like this: